Promulgating the signals of Burn Prevention and Correct First Aid Treatment of Burn Injury

Ms. Wong Tze Wing

1Burns Centre, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong, Hong Kong Hospital Authority, Hong Kong


Introduction:Burn incidents happen are always unexpected. There were increasing trends of burn injuries in the community. Burn injury is preventable. Public needs to recognize that a safe home environment contributes to the prevention of burn & scald accidents. However, it is an important message to disseminate to families with babies or toddlers particularly. Also, home safety environment is important element for the elderly living alone.

In the past five years (2009-2013), the average burn admission was 68% of total admission in Burns Centre. Most of victims were injured due to careless or knowledge deficit. And numbers of burn or scald admissions had no or improper first aid treatment. However, the application of first aid treatment is critical in affecting the consequence on depth of burn wound and recovery process. Therefore, community promotion and education on Burn prevention and First aid intervention are mandatory.


  1. To increase public awareness in prevention of burn injury
  2. To disseminate the concept of correct first aid treatment after burn injury
  3. To reduce the risk of secondary burn or scald injury

Methodology:In 2014 onwards, correct first aid education on burn injury was conducted to patients and carers in Burns Centre. Our primary nurses provided educational talks about First aid intervention to them and evaluate regarding the intervention provided upon these incidents. Also, information pamphlets for First aid treatment were given to them for reminder.

Three Health Carnivals were conducted in 2012 -2014 in Hong Kong. Booths on Burn Prevention and Correct first aid treatment were displaced to disseminate these important message. Games were designed to attract the public to participate the event. Knowledge on Burn prevention, Home safety and Correct first aid treatment were delivered to them (including elderly and parents). Finally, a lot of citizens enjoyed these events.

Reference:Hospital Authority Statistical Report 2008-2013, Hospital Authority.


Ms. Wong Tze Wing is Nurse Consultant In Burn and Plastic Specialty in Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong Hospital Authority. She has extensive experience in burn management and regularly teaches and coaches nursing colleagues in Hong Kong. She also takes part in advances in burn care and is an EMBS course Nurse coordinator.


ANZBA is a not for profit organisation and the peak body for health professionals responsible for the care of the burn injured in Australia and New Zealand. ANZBA encourages higher standards of care through education, performance monitoring and research.

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