Toxic Shock Syndrome: 20 Years of Experience From a Tertiary Paediatric Burns Centre

Dr Steven Cook1, Dr Bernard Carney1, Dr Michelle Lodge1, Dr Amy Jeeves1, Dr  Darren Molony1, Dr  Rebecca Cooksey1, Ms Linda Quinn1

1Women’s And Children’s Hospital, Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia


Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) is a well described, life threatening complication of infected burns.

TSS is a severe systemic illness characterised by shock, pyrexia, an erythematous rash, gastrointestinal disturbance and central nervous system signs including lethargy or irritability. It is mediated by toxins produced by some strains of bacteria, most commonly Staphylococcus aureus or Group A Streptococcus. TSS has a high associated mortality of up to 50% if untreated.

We present 20 years of experience of TSS from a tertiary paediatric burns centre in Australia.


Steven is an Burns and Plastic Surgery registrar at the Women’s and Children’s Hospital in Adelaide


ANZBA is a not for profit organisation and the peak body for health professionals responsible for the care of the burn injured in Australia and New Zealand. ANZBA encourages higher standards of care through education, performance monitoring and research.

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