Major cause of death among burn injured patients in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital Burn Center

Aditya Wardhana1,2,3, Dr. Radhianie Djan1,2, Dr. Zainul Halim1

1Burn Unit, Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital, 2Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Division, Department of Surgery, Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital, 3Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia

Background: All around the world, burns are considered one of the important causes of disability and mortality. We present an investigate and analyses the causes of death after burn injury, to evaluate our burn unit and in an attempt to improve standards through a greater depth of understanding the trends in mortality in our service.

Method: A retrospective study method which collected the data of burn-injured patients who died between January and December 2016 in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital Burn Unit.

Result: Thirty-four patients were died in RSCM burn unit (23,3%). average age was 40,08 years. Most victims are male (n=22; 64,7%), average length of stay 14,1 days, 4 patients were diagnosed with inhalation injury (11,8%), 32 patients (96%) have extent of burns over than 20% TBSA. The most common cause of burn due to flame (n=29, 85,3%). MOF was the primary cause of death (n=31; 91,2%). Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the most common organisms isolated from burn deaths patients (n=14; 45,2%).

Conclusion: The major cause of burn death in our unit was MOF with the primary trigger of sepsis, which concurs with current literature.


Cause of death, mortality, burns.

Dr. Aditya Wardhana is currently working as a plastic surgeon consultant in burn at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Indonesia. He has been working as a plastic surgeon over the last 10 years with an interest in improving burn care in Indonesia

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